If you’re looking to visit a country that has a variety of sights to see and things to do, Belarus is a perfect match.
Nearly half of Belarus is situated in scenic forested land, while the rest of the country is home to historic and traditional Eastern-Orthodox architecture. If you’re planning to visit, know that there are many places to go in Belarus.
Belarus is home to four UNESCO World Heritage Sites, meaning that there are four opportunities for once-in-a-lifetime places to see in Belarus. There are so many different activities in Belarus that everyone on your trip is sure to have a good time.
[Related Read: Check out our Belarus travel guide for destination information and a brief overview on this Eastern European country.]
Here’s a list of the top things to do in Belarus so you can start planning your trip:
1. Visit Minsk, the Capital of Belarus
If you decide to visit Belarus, you have to spend some time in its capital city. Minsk offers a lot of different things to do in Belarus and various sights to explore. One of those must-see Belarus attractions is Independence Square, a 7-hectare public square, so large that it’s one of the biggest public squares in the entire continent!
Independence Avenue is another interesting sight to visit while traveling to Belarus’ capital city. It’s home to many top restaurants, cafes, and shops—so if you want to taste true Belarusian cuisine, be sure to stop here. Minsk is also home to great museums for those who want to check out the arts and history of the nation, as well as Maksim Gorky Central Children’s Park. In short, there’s no shortage of fun and free things to do in Belarus capital, Minsk.
2. See the Remains of an Ancient Glacier
If you were to ask any professional tour guide what to do in Belarus, visiting the Braslav Lake Area would be among their top suggestions. This area is made from the remains of an ancient glacier and is home to approximately 300 lakes. These lakes are known as the “Blue Necklace,” thanks to the sky-blue waters. The Braslav Lake Area is a spot that every tourist should visit—whether you’re a nature-lover or not. You can take in the beauty of the countryside, watch birds, and see how exhilarating nature can be.
3. Go to Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park
We told you that Belarus is home to four UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and this is one of them. A visit to the Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park is something you should make time on your itinerary for. This particular site is located on the border between Belarus and Poland. Here, tourists can view native wildlife, especially the famous European bison which call it home. If you decide to brave the Belarusian winter, it’s a tradition that Santa Claus can be seen at the park, which is perfect if you have children traveling with you.
4. Visit Mir Castle
Mir Castle is another UNESCO World Heritage Site that you can visit while you’re vacationing in Belarus. This castle’s construction dates back to the 16th century. This stunning site features architectural influences from the Baroque, Renaissance, and Gothic eras, and there’s a giant wall surrounding the castle. The castle is also home to a stunning Italian flower garden and an artificial lake. Don’t miss out on one of the most beautiful Belarus sights.
5. Visit Brest Hero Fortress Memorial Complex
History buffs rejoice—a visit to Brest Fortress is exactly what you’re looking for. This particular installation is in memoriam of the soldiers who lost their lives in the Great Patriotic War. This site is a combination of the original fortress and modern structures. The fortress is truly a sight to see and one of the best things to do while visiting Belarus.
6. Visit Pripyatsky National Park
If you love viewing wildlife in their natural habitat, you’ll have to make sure that you visit Pripyatsky National Park while you’re traveling in Belarus. This park is home to over 50 species and is known for its photography safaris. There’s an on-site nature museum and guided tours so you can make the most out of your experience.
7. Check Out Minsk Sea
The Zaslavskaya Reservoir, known by some as the Minsk Sea, is quite a popular attraction in Belarus during the summer months. This area is known for its beaches and food scene, and to enjoy a trip here, you can rent a catamaran or take a train ride.
8. Take a Trip to Lida
Lida is home to many world-renowned sites to visit. The city is known for Lida Castle, a 14th-century trapezium-shaped building with crimson walls. Lida is also where you can find the Church of Saint Joseph, a working church that was built back in the 18th century. Finally, it is home to a large Jewish community, where you can find Jewish eateries and shops, as well as a memorial for WWII victims.
9. Visit Berestye Archeological Museum
Located on an archaeological site from the 13th century, the Berestye Archeological Museum boasts great history to learn about Belarus. The site used to be a wooden town, but it was excavated in the 1960s and transformed into a museum two decades later. If you want to learn more about the rich history of Belarus, this is an answer to your question of where to go in Belarus.
10. Visit One of Belarus’ Oldest Cities, Polotsk
The first historical mention of Polotsk can be found in 862, so it should come as no surprise that this city holds architectural and historical significance. As such, when you visit Polotsk, there’s an overwhelming number of sights to see in Belarus’s oldest city. One of the most significant places to visit if the Cathedral of Saint Sophia, which dates back to medieval times. The Museum of Belarusian Printing and the Museum of Traditional Weaving are great ways to learn about the country’s textile industry.
11. Go to Grodno
Grodno is another famous city well-known for its historical sites. Kalozha Church is one of the most popular sights to see in Belarus, and it also happens to be nominated for UNESCO World Heritage Site status. Another place you’ll want to visit if you go to Grodno is the Old Grodno Castle, which was built out of all local stone materials.
12. Go to the Brest Railway Museum
Located in the southwestern border town of Brest is one of Belarus’s top museums. This train museum houses 56 trains and it was created to showcase the country’s rich history of locomotive travel.
13. Learn Belarusian History in Dudutki
If you’re staying in Minsk, you should consider taking a day trip to Dudutki where you can explore the Dudutki Ethnological Museum Complex. This museum will give you insight into Belarusian folklore and history. You can even stay in local guesthouses to get the full experience of the Belarusian way of life.
14. Visit Medieval Castles in Nesvizh
If you’re looking for historical sights to see in Belarus, you’re going to want to go to Nesvizh, as this city is home to many castles. Perhaps the most famous is the Nesvizh Castle, which was once the home of the Radziwill family. This site is now recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site, and you won’t want to miss visiting this while you’re in Belarus.
15. Visit the Tower of Kamenetz
The Tower of Kamenetz was once one of a set of towers constructed in the major cities in Belarus. During the various wars experienced by Belarus, all they besides the one in Kamenetz were destroyed. This historical site is a popular tourist attraction and is one that you will be advised to visit if wondering what to see in Belarus.
Belarus is a country that’s rich in history and nature. It will give every tourist something to enjoy. Whether you’re traveling with children or alone, this country has something special for everybody. Be sure to put Belarus on your list of places to visit. Thanks for reading!