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5+ Somalia Facts: Interesting Trivia On Culture, History, Food & More


Looking for Somalia facts? If you want to learn about the food, culture, people, history, or other facts about Somalia, this article is for you!

Interested in learning some facts about Somalia?

Whether you’re traveling to this great African country shortly or you just want to satisfy your curiosity, this article has all the interesting Somalia facts you’re looking for!

Port of Bosaso harbor Somalia facts
The Port of Bosaso (Bosaso Port) is the official seaport of Bosaso, the commercial capital of the autonomous Puntland region in northeastern Somalia. Vidas Pocius/shutterstock.com.

Here’s our roundup of the most interesting Somalia facts:

1. Somalia is one of Africa’s most homogeneous countries. With about 16 million people, more than 80% of the Somali people are from the ethnic Somali group, and most Somalis are Muslim.

2. Somalia’s capital city, Mogadishu, is nicknamed “Xamar” (or “Hamar”). Mogadishu has about 2.5 million residents and is the closest city to the Seychelles, Africa’s smallest country.

Related Read: 5 Somalia Travel Tips: Important Things To Know Before a Trip to Somalia

3. Somaliland is an autonomous region in northern Somalia. Located in the north along the Gulf of Aden, Somaliland has declared itself to be independent from Somalia. However, it isn’t recognized as a sovereign nation internationally (at least not yet).

4. Somalia is one of the few countries with no UNESCO World Heritage Sites. There are not even any pending or proposed world heritage sites planned for Somalia at this time. However, there are some super-worthy sites, imho, such as Laas Geel, a set of caves in Hargeisa, Somalia with rock art dating back 20,000 years!

Related Read: 5+ Senegal Facts: Interesting Trivia On Culture, History, Food & More

5. Somalia has the longest coastline in all of continental Africa. If you’re looking for beaches when you head to Africa, Somalia’s the place for you! One of the most interesting facts about Somalia is that it has a lot of real estate along the shores, adding up to 2,071 mi (3,333 km) in all. In the north, Somaliland borders the Gulf of Aden near the mouth of the Red Sea, and along the eastern coast is the Somali Sea, leading out into the Indian Ocean.

6. Somali is a language, a demonym, and an ethnic group. People from Somalia are called Somalis (that’s what a demonym is), but there is also an ethnic group called the Somali people, who live around Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Djibouti. Somali is also a language spoken by the Somali people, one of the official languages of Somalia (the other being Arabic).

7. Somalia borders Kenya, Djibouti, and Ethiopia. Its border with Djibouti is disputed by Somaliland, the autonomous state in Somalia’s north, as that’s where it connects. Somalia is located on the Horn of Africa, the easternmost part of mainland Africa, along with the aforementioned countries (except for Kenya) and Eritrea.

Related Read: 5+ Djibouti Facts: Interesting Trivia On Culture, History, Food & More

Well, that’s all our Somalia facts for now, and we hope you’ve found this post interesting and informative! Do you have any questions, feedback, or other facts about Somalia we should include on our list? Let us know below in the comments, and thanks for reading!

Written by
Christian Eilers
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