Switzerland: Key Information & Facts

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Updated: 2017-03-15.

General points to know about the country – demographics, important ages, phone numbers, key statistics, and more – whether you are traveling there or not.

Capital: Bern (de facto)

Largest City:  Zürich

Population: 8.4 million (2016 estimate)

Language(s): German, French, Italian, & Romansh

Federal Chancellor: Walter Thurnherr

Currency: Swiss Franc (CHF)

Area: 41,285 km2 (15,940 mi2)

Dialing Code: +41

Time Zone: Central European Time “CET” (UTC+1)
•   DST/Summer Time: Central European Summer Time “CEST” (UTC+2)

Demonym: Swiss (what’s this?)

EndonymHelvetica (Latin)
(their name for their country)
Emergency Dialing Tel. Number: 112 (general number for police, fire, ambulance, etc.)

Drinking Age: 16 is the drinking age for beers and wines; 18 is the age for spirits. This is universal across Switzerland except for the Canton of Ticino, where it is 18 for everything.

Smoking Age: 18 to purchase

Age of Consent: 16

Drives on the: Right

Electricity & Adapter: 230 V, 50 Hz, Plug Types C / J (define)

Country Code (ISO): CH (also the country’s primary TLD {top-level domain})

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flag of Switzerland