Sweden: History & Timeline
Kingdom of Sweden | Konungariket Sverige
Here is a brief timeline of important events that have shaped Sweden; the focus here will be geared towards recent events (from 100 years ago or so), located towards the bottom, but we’ll begin with more ancient events first.
- Sweden's First Inhabitants8000 BCEFrom around 8,000 BCE, Sweden’s first humans settled the land.
- Viking Age Begins800 CEThe end of Swedish prehistory was followed both with the “Viking Age” and then the Christianization of Scandinavia.
- Birger Magnusson's Reign Begins1248Birger Magnusson, Jarl of Sweden, was a Swedish statesman who is today known most famously for being the founder of Stockholm, though many other notable accomplishments are attributed to him, such as the abolition of serfdom.
- Kalmar Union1397 - 1523The Union of Kalmaris forms, uniting all of Scandinavia under one monarch. Finland is part of this, as it was a part of Sweden at the time, as well as Iceland, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, and the Northern Isles, all being part of Norway.
- Gustavus Vasa & Modern Sweden's Beginning1523Gustavus Vasa stopped the resurrection of the Kalmar Union from succeeding, opening up Sweden’s independence as a sovereign state; he becomes King Gustavus I in 1523.
- The Great Northern War1700
- Finland is lost to Russia in War1809
- Sweden Remains Neutral During WWI1914
- Sweden Joins League of Nations1920
- Sweden Joins the United Nations1956
- Powers of Monarch Removed1974Sweden officially removes all powers from the monarch, transferring the rights to the people; the monarchy remains, purely ceremonial in nature.
- Prime Minister Assassinated1986Swedish prime minister Olof Palme is assassinated, and the killing still baffles investigators to this day; the murder stuns the country, who have been virtually free of political violence for two centuries.
- Sweden Votes for EU Entry1994The Swedish vote in favor of membership into the European Union, officially becoming a member on the first day of 1995.
- Malmö Tunnel Opens2000A new tunnel opens, connecting Sweden’s Malmö to Copenhagen, Denmark.
- Anna Lindh & No Euro2003Anna Lindh, the Swedish Foreign Minister, dies after being stabbed. Sweden votes not to join the euro monetary union.
- World's First Synthetic Organ Transplant2011Surgeons at the Karolinska University Hospital perform the world’s first synthetic organ transplant; this was done with an artificial windpipe created and coated in the patient’s stem cells.