Poland: History & Timeline

Updated: 2017-03-10.

Here is a brief timeline of important events that have shaped the country of Poland; the focus here will be geared towards recent events (from 100 years ago or so), located towards the bottom, but we’ll begin with more ancient events first.

  • 'Baptism' of Poland
    966 CE
    Duke Mieszko I adopts Catholicism.
  • 1st King of Poland
    1025
    Bolesław I the Brave, the Duke of Poland, becomes the first King of Poland.
  • Polish–Teutonic War
    1326 - 1332
  • Polish 'Sejm' (Parliament) Founded
    1493
  • Another Polish–Teutonic War
    1519 - 1521
  • January Uprising
    1863 - 1864
    Poland annexed by Russia.
  • Independence
    1918
    Poland gains its independence.
  • Poland Becomes a Communist People’s Republic
    1947
  • Republic of Poland Established
    13 Sep 1989
  • Poland Joins NATO
    1999
  • Poland Joins European Union.
    2004
flag of Poland