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Panama Travel Guide: Country & Destination Information for Visiting


Panama travel guide and destination overview of the country. Key information, general overview, and more for travelers to Panama.

Updated: 2020-02-21.

Republic of Panama • República de Panamá

Panama is a country at the very tip of North America, where Central America and the Caribbean end and meet South America. It shares borders with Costa Rica to its west and Colombia to its east, as well as the Caribbean Sea to its north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.

Though it is still disputable where the origin of the name “Panama” comes from, the generally recognized theory states that it means “abundance of fish, trees, and butterflies.” From that definition, you can see that the nature of Panama is remarkably rich and biodiverse.

The capital of the country is Panama City, located beside the Panama Canal and the Pacific Ocean. Panama City is a unique place which incorporates the cosmopolitan spirit of skyscrapers, colonial architecture in the historical district, and tranquil natural beauty. The capital of the country is truly diverse in races and cultures, with many of its inhabitants speaking not only Spanish or English, but also German, French, Chinese, Portuguese, and Arabic.

Panama has a lot to offer even to the most demanding visitor, from the islands with serene beaches, the fast-paced metropolitan capital, the natural parks, or the UNESCO-designated historical sites, such as Portobelo-San Lorenzo or the ruins of Panamá Viejo.

In our days, because of its location, the cornerstone of the Panamanian economy is the service sector, with the most important fields being trading, commerce, and tourism.

flag of Panama

Panama Travel Information & Key Points

General points to know about the country of Panama – demographics, important ages, phone numbers, key statistics, and more, whether you’re traveling there or not.

Capital: Panama City

Population: 4.2 million (2020 estimate)

Language(s): Spanish

President: Laurentino Cortizo

Vice President: Jose Gabriel Carrizo

Currency: Panamanian Balboa (PAB) & US Dollar (USD)

Area: 75,417 km2 (29,119 mi2)

Dialing Code: +507

Time Zone: Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC−5

Demonym: Panamanian (what is a demonym?)

Endonym: Panamá (their name for their country)

Emergency Number: 911

Drinking Age: 18 to purchase

Smoking Age: 18 to purchase

Age of Consent: 18

Drives on the: Right

Electricity & Adapter: 110 V, 60 Hz, Plug Types A / B (define)

ISO Country Code: PA

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