Nicaragua Travel Guide: Country & Destination Information for Visiting

Updated: 2019-11-22.

Republic of Nicaragua (República de Nicaragua)

Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America, bordering Honduras to its northwest and Costa Rica to its south. The Caribbean Sea also washes ashore on the eastern coast of Nicaragua, and the Pacific Ocean on its western side. Being the only country in Latin America to be colonized by both the Spanish and the British, Nicaragua is very diverse in terms of culture, traditions, and cuisine.

The capital and the largest city in the country is Managua, which lies on the southern shore of Lake Managua. It is considered to be the economic and educational center of the country with an estimated population of around a million and a half in the metropolitan area.

Nicaragua is also the first country in the Americas where a female was elected as president. Violeta Chamorro is well known for initiating multiple reforms that helped with setting up peace in the country after years of internal conflicts and revolution. 

Of course, it would be a crime to not mention all the lavish natural beauty that Nicaragua has to offer to its visitors. From the gorgeous rainforests full of different species of flora and fauna to the magnificent volcanoes and delightful beaches, the landscapes will take the breath of any nature lover away. The most famous sights include Masaya Volcano, the Corn Islands with their picturesque beaches, and Somoto Canyon. You can learn about all these in our guide on the Best Things to Do in Nicaragua.

flag of Nicaragua

Nicaragua Travel Information & Key Points

General points to know about the country of Nicaragua – demographics, important ages, phone numbers, key statistics, and more, whether you’re traveling there or not.

Capital: Managua (& largest city)

Population: 6.5 million (2019 estimate)

Language(s): Spanish, various regional

President: Daniel Ortega

Vice President: Rosario Murillo

Currency: Nicaraguan Córdoba (NIO)

Area: 130,375 km2 (50,338 mi2)

Dialing Code: +505

Time Zone: UTC−6 (Central Standard Time)

Demonym: Nicaraguan (what is a demonym?)

Endonym: Nicaragua (their name for their country)

Emergency Number: 118 for police, 115 for fire, 128 for medical

Drinking Age: 18 to purchase

Smoking Age: 18 to purchase

Age of Consent: 18

Drives on the: Right

Electricity & Adapter: 120 V, 60 Hz, Plug Types A / B (define)

ISO Country Code: NI