Israel Travel Guide: Country & Destination Information for Visiting

Updated: 2019-08-18.

State of Israel

Located in the Middle East (in western Asia), Israel is a small nation bordering Egypt to its southwest, Jordan to its east, Syria to its northeast, and Lebanon to its north. Additionally, the Palestinian Territories (Gaza Strip and the West Bank) are to its east and west. The Mediterranean Sea makes up its western shore, and Israel also has banks along the Red Sea and the Dead Sea.

flag of Israel

Israel Travel Information & Key Points

General points to know about the country of Israel – demographics, important ages, phone numbers, key statistics, and more, whether you’re traveling there or not.

Capital: Jerusalem

Population: 9.08 million (2019 estimate)

Language(s): Hebrew, Arabic

Prime Minister: Benjamin Netanyahu

President: Reuven Rivlin

Currency: Israeli New Shekel ₪‎ (ILS)

Area: 20,770 km2 (8,019 mi2)

Dialing Code: +972

Time Zone: Israel Standard Time (IST) UTC+2

Demonym: Israeli (what is a demonym?)

Endonym: Israel (their name for their country)

Emergency Numbers: 100 for police, 101 for ambulance, 102 for fire

Drinking Age: 18 to purchase

Smoking Age: 18 to purchase

Age of Consent: 16 w/ penetration, 14 w/o penetration

Drives on the: Right

Electricity & Adapter: 230 V, 50 Hz, Plug Types C / H / M (define)

ISO Country Code: IL