India: Key Information & Facts

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Updated: 2018-05-02.

General points to know about India and the subcontinent – demographics, important ages, phone numbers, key statistics, and more – whether you are traveling there or not.

Capital: New Delhi

Largest City: Mumbai

Population: 1.35 billion (2018 estimate)

Language(s): Hindi, English, various regional

President: Ram Nath Kovind

Prime Minister: Narendra Modi

CurrencyRupee ₹ (INR)

Area: 3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 mi2)

Dialing Code: +91

Time Zone: Indian Standard Time “IST” (UTC+05:30)
•   DST/Summer Time: N/A

Demonym: Indian (what’s this?)

EndonymBhārat
(their name for their country)
Emergency Dialing Tel. Number: 100 (police), 101 (fire), 102 (ambulance)

Drinking Age: 18-25 (varies by state)

Smoking Age: None (18 to purchase)

Age of Consent: 18

Drives on the: Left

Electricity & Adapter: 230 V, 50 Hz, Plug Types C / D / M (define)

Country Code (ISO): IN (also the country’s primary TLD {top-level domain})

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