República de Guatemala
Guatemala, or the Republic of Guatemala, officially, is the most populous country in Central America. Its neighbors include Mexico to the north and the west, Belize to the northeast, Honduras to the east, and El Salvador to the southeast. Guatemala is also bordered by the Caribbean Sea and the various countries of the Caribbean to the northeast, and by the Pacific Ocean to the south.
The capital of the country is Guatemala City, which served as the capital since 1776, first to the Kingdom of Guatemala under Spanish rule, later to the United Provinces of Central America, to finally become the capital of the Republic of Guatemala as we know it in 1847.
One of the theories suggests that the word “Guatemala” comes from the Nahuatl word Cuauhtēmallān, or “place of many trees”. Even though the number of forests has been reducing, no one who has visited this country can stay indifferent to many of the natural wonders Guatemala has to offer, such as Lake Atitlán, Semuc Champey, or countless volcanoes. Aside from the natural beauty, there are just plenty of great things to do in Guatemala.
Guatemala has a very extensive history, which is marked with numerous Mayan ruins and artifacts that can be found all over the country. Even nowadays, the scientists keep discovering the whole ancient cities hidden for many hundreds of years! Though the last few centuries have been rough on the country, it managed to get through and now welcomes anyone who is willing to explore the beautiful nature and historical sites of Guatemala and meet its warm-hearted and cordial people.
Guatemala Travel Information & Key Points
General points to know about the country of Guatemala – demographics, important ages, phone numbers, key statistics, and more, whether you’re traveling there or not.
Capital: Guatemala City (& largest city)
Population: 17.5 million (2020 estimate)
President: Alejandro Giammattei
Vice President: Guillermo Castillo
Currency: Quetzal (GTQ)
Area: 108,889 km2 (42,042 mi2)
Dialing Code: +502
Time Zone: Central Standard Time (CST) UTC−6
Demonyms: Guatemalan, Guatemalteco, or Chapín (informal) (what is a demonym?)
Endonym: Guatemala (their name for their country)
Emergency Numbers: 110 for Police, 122 for Fire, 128 for Medical
Drinking Age: 18
Smoking Age: 18
Age of Consent: 18
Drives on the: Right
Electricity & Adapter: 120 V, 60 Hz, Plug Types A / B (define)
ISO Country Code: GT