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Egypt Travel Guide: Country & Destination Information for Visiting


Egypt travel guide and destination overview of the country. Key information, general overview, and more for travelers to Egypt.

Arab Republic of Egypt | جمهورية مصر العربية

Egypt is a country on the northeast corner of the African continent. It is bordered in the north by the Mediterranean Sea, Israel to the northeast, the Red Sea to the east, Libya to the west, and Sudan to the south. The famous Nile River, the north-flowing longest river in the world, flows through Egypt last on its ten-country tour before emptying into the Mediterranean Sea.

Egypt is that quintessential dream destination for most travelers, because it provides so many things to see, do, taste, and explore. For tourists who want great photo-ops, take the standard tour through the Nile River, or check out the Great Sphinx and the Pyramids. For the more adventurous trekkers, why not dive into the Red Sea or go on a Bedouin safari? And for those culturally-intrigued, Egypt is often considered to be included in the westernmost parts of the Fertile Crescent, the cradle of civilization. Thousands of years of history is yours to learn, research, and discover.

Egypt is a desert, for the most part, and the main concern throughout the land is the heat. Most large cities are situated along the Nile River, and they flourish primarily due to its proximity.

English is widely understood in Egypt, while French is also understood in educated circles. Egyptian Arabic, however, is the national and official language of the people.

flag of Egypt

Egypt Travel Information & Key Points

General points to know about the country of Egypt – demographics, important ages, phone numbers, key statistics, and more, whether you’re traveling there or not.

Capital: Cairo

Population: 100 million (2020 estimate)

Language(s): Arabic (Egyptian Arabic)

President: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi

Prime Minister: Mostafa Madbouly

Currency: Egyptian Pound (EGP)

Area: 1,002,450 km2 (387,048 mi2)

Dialing Code: +20

Time Zone: Eastern European Time (UTC+2, No DST)

Demonym: Egyptian (what is a demonym?)

Endonym: مِصر‎ [Miṣr] (their name for their country)

Emergency Number: 122 (police); 123 (ambulance)

Drinking Age: 21

Smoking Age: 18

Age of Consent: 18

Drives on the: Right

Electricity & Adapter: 220 V, 50 Hz, Plug Types C / F (define)

ISO Country Code: EG

Related Read: Egypt History: A Quick Timeline of Egyptian Historical Events

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