Czechia Travel Guide: Country & Destination Information for Visiting

Updated: 2019-05-12.

Czech Republic • Česká Republika

Czechia, the new short-form name for the land formerly known as the Czech Republic, is an oft-overlooked small country in central Europe. Travelers, other than ones to its renowned capital city of Prague, may skip it for being more eastern European and out of the way. Nevertheless, it is not a country that should be passed up.

Bordered to its north by Poland, its west by Germany, Austria to the south, and Slovakia to its east, it is that landlocked country formerly known as Bohemia. It is also a relatively recent country – the previous nation of Czechoslovakia dissolved only in 1993 into what we now know as Czechia and Slovakia.

Czechia is a great place to see history, and not only its own; European history is very rich in the regions around Prague. The country is home to no less than 12 of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Check out one of the many beautiful castles and chateaus that dot the countryside, such as Karlštejn Castle, where the Czech crown jewels are on display (and give me credit for refraining to say “Czech out …” 🙂 ).

Besides the history and the beauty of the architecture around Czechia, the country is packed also with natural beauty. If you have time, hike up to the Krkonoše Mountains or trek to the Podyjí National Park and hike along the River Dyje.

Then there’s Prague.

The capital and largest city of Czechia, Prague is one of those quintessential “world” cities, up there with the likes of Amsterdam and Vienna. There is so much to do and see in Prague – the Astronomical Clock, the Jewish Quarter, Prague Castle, the Palace Gardens… – the list continues on and on.

Though it is steeped in history, it is also quite cosmopolitan, as well; there is no shortage of galleries, fine dining, bars, and clubs to satisfy any kind of traveler. As Prague is usually the gateway and main point of entry into and out of Czechia, it shouldn’t be hard to explore and see why it is nicknamed “The Land of Stories.”

flag of Czech Republic

Czechia Travel Information & Key Points

General points to know about the country of Czechia (the Czech Republic) – demographics, important ages, phone numbers, key statistics, and more, whether you’re traveling there or not.

Capital: Prague (& largest city)

Population: 10.7 million (2019 estimate)

Language(s): Czech

President: Miloš Zeman

Prime Minister: Andrej Babiš

CurrencyCzech Koruna (CZK)

Area: 78,866 km2 (30,450 mi2)

Dialing Code: +420

Time Zone: Central European Time “CET” (UTC+1)
•   DST/Summer Time: Central European Summer Time “CEST” (UTC+2)

Demonym: Czech (what is a demonym?)

Endonym: Česko (their name for their country)

Emergency Number: 112

Drinking Age: 18 to purchase

Smoking Age: 18 to purchase

Age of Consent: 15

Drives on the: Right

Electricity & Adapter: 230 V, 50 Hz, Plug Types C / E (define)

ISO Country Code: CZ