People’s Republic of China • Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
China, against all odds, is still a mystery to many of us. Though it is the 3rd largest country in the world by land area, and the most populous, the Western world still has a hard time figuring out what China is all about.
China, officially the People’s Republic of China, sits on the southeastern corner of mainland Asia. With a whopping 14 countries that it touches, China has the most neighboring countries in the world. It borders Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Vietnam.
While the last decade has seen China fly past the rest of the world in expectations, in everything from dense cities appearing out of nowhere seemingly overnight to electronics and technology, China still retains much of its past splendor and history. This is visible throughout most of the country, especially outside of the large cities, and rightly so; it is one of the oldest civilizations on Earth.
The vast country is sure to intrigue any visitor. From ancient medicinal practices still in use today, to the myths that are still repeated and passed down to subsequent generations – China is as much “old” as it is new.
China Travel Information & Key Points
General points to know about the country of China – demographics, important ages, phone numbers, key statistics, and more, whether you’re traveling there or not.
Largest City: Shanghai
Population: 1.4 billion (2017 estimate)
Language(s): Standard Chinese & various regional
President: Xi Jinping
Premier: Li Keqiang
Currency: Renminbi (yuan) ¥ (CNY)
Area: 9,596,961 km2 (3,705,407 mi2)
Dialing Code: +86
Time Zone: China Standard Time (UTC+8)
• DST/Summer Time: N/A
Demonym: Chinese (what is a demonym?)
Endonym: Zhōngguó (中国) (their name for their country)
Emergency Numbers: 110 (police), 119 (fire), 120 (ambulance)
Drinking Age: 18
Smoking Age: None (18 to purchase)
Age of Consent: 14
Drives on the: Right
Electricity & Adapter: 220 V, 50 Hz, Plug Types A / C / I (define)
ISO Country Code: CN