Canada: Key Information & Facts

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Updated: 2017-03-15.

General points to know about the country – demographics, important ages, phone numbers, key statistics, and more – whether you are traveling there or not.

Capital: Ottawa

Largest City: Toronto

Population: 35.15 million (2016 census)

Language(s): English, French, various regional

President: Justin Trudeau

Monarch: Queen Elizabeth II

Currency: Canadian Dollar $ (CAD)

Area: 9,984,670 km2 (3,855,100 mi2)

Dialing Code: +1

Time Zone: (UTC-3.5 to UTC-8)
•   DST/Summer Time: (UTC-2.5 to UTC-7)

Demonym: Canadian (what’s this?)

Endonym: Canada
(their name for their country)
Emergency Dialing Tel. Number: 911 (general number for police, fire, ambulance, etc.)

Drinking Age: 18 or 19, depending on province

Smoking Age: 18 or 19, depending on province

Age of Consent: 16

Drives on the: Right

Electricity & Adapter: 120 V, 60 Hz, Plug Types A / B (define)

Country Code (ISO): CA (also the country’s primary TLD {top-level domain})

Do I Need A Visa?

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