Bulgaria: History & Timeline

Overview | Key Info | Explore | By the Numbers | Cuisine | Culture | Historical Timeline | Dates & Holidays | Weather & Climate | Currency

Updated: 2018-12-08.
Here is a brief timeline of important events that have shaped Bulgaria and its people; the focus here will be geared towards recent events (from 100 years ago or so), located towards the bottom, but we’ll begin with more ancient events first.

681 CE – First Bulgarian Empire, Bulgarian state founded as the First Bulgarian Empire begins.

1018-1185 – Byzantine Empire: Bulgaria is under the Byzantine Empire.

1878 – Treaty of San Stefano, Russia and Turkey recognize an autonomous Bulgaria.

1886 – Eastern Rumelia Merged with Bulgaria, Adds a sizable portion to the country, including the city Plovdiv.

1908 – Bulgarian Declaration of Independence, Independence from the Ottoman Empire was proclaimed on 5 Oct.

1914-1918 – World War I, Bulgaria is on Germany’s side during WWI.

1990 – Free Elections, First free elections after Soviet rule.

2004 – Becomes Member of NATO

2007 – Becomes Member of European Union

2010-Present – Schengen Membership Needs Work, Some European countries, specifically France and Germany, block Bulgaria from joining the Schengen Area until corruption and organized crime drops way down.

flag of Bulgaria

Send this to a friend