Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (Plurinational State of Bolivia)
Bolivia, or the Plurinational State of Bolivia, is officially one of the only two landlocked countries in South America. It borders Peru to the northwest, Brazil to its north and east, and Paraguay, the other inland country, to its southeast. Another two neighbors include Argentina to its south and Chile to the southwest.
The name of the country comes from Simón Bolívar, who was a leader in the wars against Spanish rule in Hispanic America. The official name, which was adopted in 2009, acknowledges the diversity of ethnic groups inhabiting the country.
It is interesting to know that Bolivia has three cities which play a very important role in the life of the country. While Sucre is the constitutional capital of the country, La Paz performs the role of executive capital. And, of course, there is Santa Cruz de la Sierra or, simply, Santa Cruz, which is Bolivia’s largest city and the trade and business center of the country.
Bolivia is known worldwide for its beautiful nature and breathtaking landscapes. Among the most famous natural wonders are its out-of-this-world salt flats and snow-capped peaks of the Andes Mountains. As one-third of the country is positioned within the mountain range, prepare to visit cities and landmarks stretched far above the normal heights you are used to!
Bolivia Travel Information & Key Points
General points to know about the country of Bolivia – demographics, important ages, phone numbers, key statistics, and more, whether you’re traveling there or not.
Capitals: Sucre (constitutional and judicial) & La Paz (executive and legislative)
Population: 11.5 million (2020 estimate)
Language(s): Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, others
President: Jeanine Áñez
Vice President: vacant until elections
Currency: Boliviano (BOB)
Area: 1,098,581 km2 (424,164 mi2)
Dialing Code: +591
Time Zone: UTC−4 (BOT)
Demonym: Bolivian (what is a demonym?)
Endonym: Bolivia (their name for their country)
Emergency Number: 911
Drinking Age: 18 to purchase
Smoking Age: 18 to purchase
Age of Consent: 14, but under 18 is a crime (estupro) if using seduction or deceit
Drives on the: Right
Electricity & Adapter: 230 V, 50 Hz, Plug Types A / C (define)
ISO Country Code: BO