Bosna i Hercegovina | Босна и Херцеговина
Bosnia and Herzegovina (sometimes called simply Bosnia) is a country in southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula; it is bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast. Near the town of Neum, it has a border with the Adriatic Sea for about 20 km.
Its capital and largest city is Sarajevo, and there are 3 official languages: Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian.
Not too long ago, Bosnia and Herzegovina was notorious for strife and violence, but it is now mostly past that, and is quite the tourist destination. Similar to Turkey, it seems to be the gate through which East meets West. Likewise, Christianity and Islam are the two dominant religions (though slightly more Muslims), with Catholicism being third.
Sarajevo’s airport is the main entry/exit point in the country, though it is located a short distance away from the capital city itself. There is currently no public transportation to and from the airport, so taxis must be taken. The airports in Bosnia are fairly well-connected to other major cities in Europe and the Middle East, especially with Zagreb, Croatia, and Istanbul, Turkey.
Rail travel in the country is still a work in progress, but there are trains often enough to large cities at its immediate neighbors, where transfers can be made to further destinations.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Travel Information & Key Points
General points to know about the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina – demographics, important ages, phone numbers, key statistics, and more, whether you’re traveling there or not.
Capital: Sarajevo (& largest city)
Population: 3.5 million (2019 estimate)
Language(s): Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
High Representative: Valentin Inzko
Chairman of Council of Ministers: Denis Zvizdić
Currency: Convertible Mark (BAM)
Area: 51,197 km2 (19,767 mi2)
Dialing Code: +387
Time Zone: Central European Time “CET” (UTC+1)
• DST/Summer Time: Central European Summer Time “CEST” (UTC+2)
Demonym: Bosnian, Herzegovinian (what is a demonym?)
Endonym: Босна и Херцеговина (Bosna i Hercegovina) (their name for their country)
Emergency Number: 112
Drinking Age: 18
Smoking Age: 18
Age of Consent: 18
Drives on the: Right
Electricity & Adapter: 230 V, 50 Hz, Plug Types C / F (define)
ISO Country Code: BA