Here is a brief timeline of important events that have shaped the country and its people; the focus here will be geared towards recent events (from 100 years ago or so), located towards the bottom, but we’ll begin with more ancient events first.

  • University of Leuven Founded
    1425
    Pope Martin V founds University by issuing papal bull.
  • Declares Independence from Netherlands
    1830
  • Benelux Economic Union Formed
    1958
    Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
  • Grants Independence to Democratic Republic of the Congo
    1960
  • Grants Independence to Ruanda-Urundi
    1962
    Ruanda-Urundi becomes the two nations Rwanda and Burundi.
  • Ratified Maastricht Treaty on EU
    1992
  • Belgian Begins Using Euro
    2002
    Franc replaced by euro currency.
  • Governmental Woes, Part I
    2007
    Belgian goes without government for 100 days.
  • Governmental Woes, Part II
    2011
    And again: 541 days without a government.