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Belarus Travel Guide: Country & Destination Information for Visiting


Belarus travel guide and destination overview of the country. Key information, general overview, and more for travelers to Belarus.

Republic of Belarus | Рэспубліка Беларусь

First, where is Belarus? Belarus is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Ukraine to its south, Poland and Lithuania to its west, Russia to its northeast, and Latvia to its northwest.

Belarus declared independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, but to this day remains as a key friend and ally of Russia. Many consider Belarus to be Europe’s last dictatorship, including President Lukashenko himself saying that “an authoritarian ruling style is characteristic of me.” On top of that, the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) rates the Democracy Index of Belarus to be the lowest in Europe, after Russia moved up on the scale.

Related Read: 5+ Belarus Facts: Interesting Trivia On Culture, History, Food & More

Still, Belarus is a country that offers a glimpse back in time for travelers. It’s a section of Europe that still feels and looks as if it is still part of decades-gone Soviet Union. Most (around 80%) of the population of just under 10 million reside in urban areas.

Belarus has four designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Nesvizh Castle, the Mir Castle Complex, the Belovezhskaya Pushcha (with Poland), and the Struve Geodetic Arc (shared with Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Moldova, Russia, Sweden, and Ukraine).

Related Read: 15+ Things to Do in Belarus: Best Places to Visit, Sights to See & More

flag of Belarus

Belarus Travel Information & Key Points

General points to know about the country of Belarus – demographics, important ages, phone numbers, key statistics, and more, whether you’re traveling there or not.

Capital: Minsk (& largest city)

Population: 9.5 million (2020 estimate)

Language(s): Belarusian, Russian

President: Alexander Lukashenko

Prime Minister: Sergey Rumas

Currency: Belarusian ruble (BYN)

Area: 207,595 km2 (80,153 mi2)

Dialing Code: +375

Time Zone: Further-Eastern European Time “FET” (UTC+3)

Drives on the: Right

Demonym: Belarusian (what is a demonym?)

Endonym: Byelarus (translit.) (their name for their country)

Emergency Number: 101 for fire, 102 for police, 103 for ambulance

Drinking Age: None, but 18 to purchase (rarely enforced)

Smoking Age: None, but 18 to purchase

Age of Consent: 16

Electricity & Adapter: 220 V, 50 Hz, Plug Types C / F (define)

ISO Country Code: BY

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