Australia: Key Information & Facts

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Updated: 2017-03-20.

General points to know about the country of Australia – demographics, important ages, phone numbers, key statistics, and more – whether you are traveling there or not.

Capital: Canberra

Largest City: Sydney

Population: 24.4 million (2017 estimate)

Language(s): English

Monarch: Queen Elizabeth II

Governor-General: Sir Peter Cosgrove

Prime Minister: Malcolm Turnbull

CurrencyAustralian Dollar (AUD)

Area: 7,692,024 km2 (2,969,907 mi2)

Dialing Code: +61

Time Zone: AWST (UTC+8), ACST (UTC+9:30), AEST (UTC+10)

Demonym: Australian or Aussie (what’s this?)

Endonym: Australia
(their name for their country)
Emergency Dialing Tel. Number: 000 (general number for police, fire, ambulance, etc.)

Drinking Age: 18

Smoking Age: 18 to purchase

Age of Consent: 16

Drives on the: Left

Electricity & Adapter: Plug Types I (define)

Country Code (ISO): AU (also the country’s primary TLD {top-level domain})

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