Commonwealth of Australia
Australia is a country in the Oceania domain that is made up of its namesake island / continent of Australia, the island of Tasmania, and several other islands. Australia is home to 10% of the world’s biodiversity, and a great number of its flora and fauna exist nowhere else in the world.
In recent decades, Australia has become an internationally competitive, advanced market economy due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s and its location in one of the fastest growing regions of the world economy. Long-term concerns include an aging population, pressure on infrastructure, and environmental issues such as floods, droughts, and bushfires. Australia is the driest inhabited continent on earth, making it particularly vulnerable to the challenges of climate change.
For more, check out over 100 of our facts about Australia.
Australia Travel Information & Key Points
General points to know about the country of Australia – demographics, important ages, phone numbers, key statistics, and more, whether you’re traveling there or not.
Largest City: Sydney
Population: 25 million (2018 estimate)
Monarch: Queen Elizabeth II
Governor-General: Sir Peter Cosgrove
Prime Minister: Scott Morrison
Currency: Australian Dollar (AUD)
Area: 7,692,024 km2 (2,969,907 mi2)
Time Zone: AWST (UTC+8), ACST (UTC+9:30), AEST (UTC+10)