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7+ Mexico Facts: Fun Trivia On the People, Culture, History & More


Looking for a few Mexico facts? If you want to learn about the food, culture, history, or other fun facts about Mexico, this article is for you!

Interested in learning some interesting facts about Mexico?

Whether you are traveling to Mexico in the near future or simply would like to understand this awesome country in North America a bit better, you’ve come to the right place!

Guanajuato aerial view Mexico facts
Aerial view of Guanajuato, Mexico. Taken by D. Schrader via unsplash.com. [Public Domain].

Here’s our roundup of the most interesting Mexico facts:

1. Mexico is a country in the southern part of North America. It borders the United States to its north and Guatemala and Belize to its south, as far as land borders go. Mexico also has extensive real estate along some prime stretches of water, including a lengthy one on its west along the Pacific Ocean and both the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea to its east.

2. Mexico is quite large, both in area and in terms of population. With an area of 761,610 mi2 (1,972,550 km2), Mexico is the 13th largest country in the world by size. And, with its population of around 129 million (2020 estimate), it is the 10th most populous country in the world.

Related Read: Hispanic vs Latino vs Spanish vs Latin American: What’s the Difference?

3. Mexico City is the capital and largest city. Sometimes abbreviated as CDMX (for Ciudad de México), Mexico City has a population of around 9 million people (2020 estimate), making it one of the largest cities in the world and the world’s largest Spanish-speaking city. It’s also the oldest capital city in the Americas, when the Aztecs founded Tenochtitlan there back in 1325.

4. Mexico is one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world. As identified by Conservation International, a megadiverse country is one which holds a majority of the world’s plant and animal species. Mexico is biologically diverse, ranking 4th or 5th overall in natural biodiversity (depending on the criteria). Mexico is estimated to be home to over 438 mammal species, 707 reptile species, and 290 amphibian species. On top of those numbers, there is estimated to be around 26,000 plant species throughout its various ecosystems for a total of 200,000 plant and animal species overall, a whopping 10% of the world’s entire biodiversity!

Related Read: Places You Just HAVE To Visit In Mexico City

5. The world’s largest pyramid is located in Mexico. When measuring by volume, the Great Pyramid of Cholula, also known by the Nahuatl word Tlachihualtepetl, is far larger than the Great Pyramid at Giza, though it wasn’t re-discovered until 1910 when the construction of an insane asylum began in Cholula! The reason it was hidden for so long was because grass and trees have grown over it, so it looked like a mountain or hill.

6. Mexico’s de facto language is Spanish. However, many Mexicans speak other languages, particularly the indigenous ones, and the Mexican government recognizes 68 linguistic groups and 364 indigenous language varieties.

Related Read: Below The Surface Of Ensenada, Mexico

7. Mexico has the second-most designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Out of its 35 sites (second to India’s 38), 27 are cultural, 6 are natural, and 2 are both cultural and natural:

  • Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila (cultural)
  • Aqueduct of Padre Tembleque Hydraulic System (cultural)
  • Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco (cultural)
  • Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes (cultural)
  • Camino Real de Tierra Adentro (cultural)
  • Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) (cultural)
  • Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl (cultural)
  • El Tajin, Pre-Hispanic City (cultural)
  • Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of Querétaro (cultural)
  • Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco (cultural)
  • Historic Centre of Morelia (cultural)
  • Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán (cultural)
  • Historic Centre of Puebla (cultural)
  • Historic Centre of Zacatecas (cultural)
  • Historic Fortified Town of Campeche (cultural)
  • Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro (cultural)
  • Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan (cultural)
  • Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines (cultural)
  • Hospicio Cabañas, Guadalajara (cultural)
  • Luis Barragán House and Studio (cultural)
  • Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque (cultural)
  • Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza (cultural)
  • Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan (cultural)
  • Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal (cultural)
  • Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca (cultural)
  • Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco (cultural)
  • Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco (cultural)
  • Archipiélago de Revillagigedo (natural)
  • El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere Reserve (natural)
  • Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California (natural)
  • Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve (natural)
  • Sian Ka’an (natural)
  • Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino (natural)
  • Ancient Maya City and Protected Tropical Forests of Calakmul, Campeche (cultural and natural)
  • Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley: originary habitat of Mesoamerica (cultural and natural)

Related Read: 8 of the Best Places to Visit in Mexico

Well, that’s all our Mexico facts for now, and we hope you’ve found this post interesting and informative! Do you have any questions, feedback, or other facts about Mexico we should include on our list? Let us know below in the comments, and thanks for reading!

Christian Eilers
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Christian Eilers
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