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7 Kyrgyzstan Facts: Interesting Trivia On the Food, Culture, History & More


Ready for some Kyrgyzstan facts? If you want to learn about the food, culture, history, or other fun facts about Kyrgyzstan, this article is for you!

Ready to learn a few interesting facts about Kyrgyzstan?

Whether you’re thinking of visiting Kyrgyzstan sometime soon or just want to know more about this Central Asian country, this article is just what you’re looking for.

nomad yurt in Kyrgyzstan facts
A nomad yurt in eastern Kyrgyzstan, near Mt. Chunkurchak. Taken by Malik Osmonov via unsplash.com. [Public Domain].

Here’s our roundup of the most interesting Kyrgyzstan facts:

1. Kyrgyzstan, officially known as the Kyrgyz Republic, is a Central Asian country. The nation has borders with China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan.

2. Kyrgyzstan is one of the most sparsely populated countries on Earth. With an area of 77,202 mi2 (199,951 km2) and a population of just around 6.5 million people (2020 estimate), it is one of the lower density countries in the world.

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3. Kyrgyzstan’s capital and largest city is Bishkek. With over 1 million people, Bishkek makes up more than 15% of the entire population of Kyrgyzstan.

4. “Kyrgyz” is thought to come from the Turkic word for “forty.” The Kyrgyz people are quite fond of the Epic of Manas, a traditional poem, and the name is believed to stem from the 40 clans of Manas mentioned in the poem. The Kyrgyz flag even has a sun with 40 rays.

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5. Kyrgyzstan’s official language is Kyrgyz, a Turkic language. The Kyrgyz language, due to Russification, now uses a Cyrillic alphabet, though some still use the Arabic script. Because of Russification, the Russian language is also widespread.

6. Kyrgyzstan is full of mountains and sometimes called the “Switzerland of Central Asia.” The Tian Shan mountain range (meaning “Mountains of Heaven”) covers around 80% of Kyrgyzstan and is considered a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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7. Kyrgyzstan has 3 spots on UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites list. Of these 3 sites, 2 are cultural and 1 is natural:

  • Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor (cultural)
  • Sulaiman-Too Sacred Mountain (cultural)
  • Western Tien-Shan (natural)

Well, that’s all our Kyrgyzstan facts for now, and we hope you’ve found this post interesting and informative! Do you have any questions, feedback, or other facts about Kyrgyzstan we should include on our list? Let us know below in the comments, and thanks for reading!

Christian Eilers
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Christian Eilers
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