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7+ India Facts: Fun Trivia On the Indian People, Culture, History & More


Want a few India facts? If you’re looking to learn about the food, culture, history, or other fun facts about India, this article is for you!

Interested in learning some interesting facts about India?

Whether you’re traveling to India in the near future or simply would like to understand this South Asian nation a bit better, you’ve come to the right place!

Taj Mahal in India daytime
The Taj Mahal, located in Agra, India, is one of the most recognizable landmarks in the world. Taken by J. Chamb via unsplash.com. [Public Domain].

Here’s our roundup of the most interesting India facts:

1. India is located in South Asia on what’s called the Indian Subcontinent. On its southwestern coast is the Arabian Sea, and on its southeastern coast is the Bay of Bengal. The Indian Ocean is directly to its south. As far as neighbors go, India has land borders with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. It also shares sea (maritime) borders with Sri Lanka, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Maldives.

2. India is one of the largest countries in the world, both by area and population. At 1,269,219 mi2 (3,287,263 km2), it is the 7th largest country in the world by size. And, with around 1.4 billion people (2020 estimate), its population is second only to China, and by a small amount. Despite it being so massive in size, the sheer number of people cause it to also be one of the most densely populated countries in the world, as well, coming in at #19.

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3. India has the largest film industry in the world. While you may think of Hollywood when considering the film industry, the United States actually produces about one-third of the feature films that India produces – The US produced 660 feature films in 2017, while India produced 1,813 feature films the year after! However, only a fraction of these are Bollywood movies (from Mumbai’s Hindi movie industry), as many more are filmed in other languages and regions.

4. India has a floating post office moored on a lake! One of the strangest facts about India is the floating post office, moored on the banks of Dal Lake in Srinagar. It’s a converted houseboat that is now also a philately museum. With more than 155,000 post offices, including this floating one, India Post is the largest postal system in the world.

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5. India has the most designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Out of its 38 sites (!!!), 30 are cultural, 7 are natural, and 1 is both cultural and natural:

  • Agra Fort (cultural)
  • Ajanta Caves (cultural)
  • Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, Bihar (cultural)
  • Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (cultural)
  • Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park (cultural)
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (cultural)
  • Churches and Convents of Goa (cultural)
  • Elephanta Caves (cultural)
  • Ellora Caves (cultural)
  • Fatehpur Sikri (cultural)
  • Great Living Chola Temples (cultural)
  • Group of Monuments at Hampi (cultural)
  • Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (cultural)
  • Group of Monuments at Pattadakal (cultural)
  • Hill Forts of Rajasthan (cultural)
  • Historic City of Ahmadabad (cultural)
  • Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi (cultural)
  • Jaipur City, Rajasthan (cultural)
  • Khajuraho Group of Monuments (cultural)
  • Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya (cultural)
  • Mountain Railways of India (cultural)
  • Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi (cultural)
  • Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat (cultural)
  • Red Fort Complex (cultural)
  • Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (cultural)
  • Sun Temple, Konârak (cultural)
  • Taj Mahal (cultural)
  • The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement (cultural)
  • The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur (cultural)
  • Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai (cultural)
  • Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area (natural)
  • Kaziranga National Park (natural)
  • Keoladeo National Park (natural)
  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (natural)
  • Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks (natural)
  • Sundarbans National Park (natural)
  • Western Ghats (natural)
  • Khangchendzonga National Park (cultural and natural)

6. India is one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world. As identified by Conservation International, a megadiverse country is one which holds a majority of the world’s plant and animal species. India is very biologically diverse, being the home of 8.6% of the entire world’s mammal species, 7.9% of all bird species, 12.2% of all fish species, and 6% of all flowering plant species.

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7. India is also very diverse both linguistically and ethnically. India has over 2,000 different ethnic groups which call the country home, as well as 780 languages spoken within its borders, the second highest number after Papua New Guinea. Out of these 780 languages, 23 are considered official languages, including Urdu, English, Sanskrit, Punjabi, Hindi, and Sindhi. India is also the originating place of four major world religions, which are Jainism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Sikhism.

8. Mawsynram, in northeastern India, might have the highest average rainfall each year. Measuring in at 467.4 in (11,872 mm) each year on average, it does go head to head with two towns in Colombia for the wettest place on Earth. However, the Guinness Book of World Records did note that, in 1985, Mawsynram received a whopping 1,000 in (26,000 mm) of rainfall, more than doubling the average!

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Well, that’s all our India facts for now, and we hope you’ve found this post interesting and informative! Do you have any questions, feedback, or other facts about India we should include on our list? Let us know below in the comments, and thanks for reading!

Christian Eilers
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Christian Eilers
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