Ready to learn a few interesting facts about Haiti?
Whether you’re thinking of visiting Haiti in the near future or just want to understand more about this Caribbean country, this article is for you.
Here’s our roundup of the most interesting Haiti facts:
1. Haiti is a small country in the Caribbean Sea that shares an island with the Dominican Republic. The western portion of the island of Hispaniola belongs to Haiti (about 3/8), while crossing over to the eastern side of the island takes you to the DR. Near Haiti are the countries of Cuba, Jamaica, the Bahamas, and the Turks and Caicos Islands.
2. It is the second most populous country in the Caribbean region after Cuba. With almost 12 million people (2020), it is also the largest country by population in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), a 15-member organization of countries around the Caribbean and South America.
3. As far as size goes, Haiti is the third-largest Caribbean country. At 10,710 mi2 (27,750 km2), Haiti is a bit smaller than its neighbor the Dominican Republic, and quite a bit smaller than Cuba.
4. Before the Europeans came along, Haiti was settled by the indigenous Taíno people. The AmerindianTaínos inhabited many Caribbean islands, including Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and The Bahamas. In their native Arawakan language, they named the island of Hispaniola as Hayti which meant “land of high mountains.” When the French took the part that is modern-day Haiti over from the Spanish, they named it Saint-Domingue, equivalent to what the Spanish called the entire island, Santo Domingo, both of which mean Saint Dominic in English. Later, Haitian revolutionary Jean-Jacques Dessalines restored the name of Saint-Domingue back to Haiti.
5. Haiti’s capital and most populous city is Port-au-Prince. With around 1 million people, Port-au-Prince makes up almost 10% of the entire population of Haiti. Port-au-Prince is located on the very inside of the Gulf of Gonâve which makes up most of Haiti’s western coast.
6. The official languages of Haiti are French and Haitian Creole. Haitian Creole is based on an 18th century version of French mixed with influences from Spanish, English, Portuguese, Taino, and some West African languages.
Well, that’s all our Haiti facts for now, and we hope you’ve found this post interesting and informative! Do you have any questions, feedback, or other facts about Haiti we should include on our list? Let us know below in the comments, and thanks for reading!