This is a guide to the history of the OG version – the original Georgia.

A country of great wine and food, the country of Georgia has a pretty long and complicated history. To make it easier to comprehend, we have prepared a timeline with the most important dates in Georgia’s history.

the history of Georgia is long and storied, but far from over
Taken by J. Jagomägi via unsplash.com. [Public Domain].

Here’s a brief timeline to the history of Georgia:

Early 1st millennium BCE – The rise of Colchis, region on the East coast of the Black sea. Colchis has been also mentioned in the myth about the Golden Fleece

~300 BCE – Iberia (also known as the Kingdom of Kartli) was founded at the eastern part of modern Georgia.

~326 CE – Georgia has been converted to Christianity with the help of St. Nino.

End of 5th century CE – The Persian authority in Iberia deposed by King Vakhtang I Gorgasali; the region gained independence, however only until the death of Vakhtang I.

8th and 9th centuries CE –  Struggle of Iberia and other regions for independence from Arab Caliphate and Byzantine.

~1008 – The appearance of the Kingdom of Georgia

1089 – David IV the Builder becomes the king of Georgia. 

1122 – Tbilisi has been taken over from Turks invaders and became Georgia’s capital.

1184 – Start of the reign of Queen Tamar; this period has been considered as the peak of the golden age of Georgia.

13th – 14th century – Mongol invasions in Georgia.

1460s – Disintegration of the kingdom into several different kingdoms and principalities.

late 15th – 16th century – partitioning the country between Ottoman Empire and Safavid Iran.

1709 – Introduction of the printing press to Georgia by the ruler Vakhtang VI.

1724 – Treaty of Constantinople, which divided territory of Georgia between Russian and Ottoman empires.

1760s – Eastern Georgia has been united politically for the first time in centuries by Heraclius II.

1783 – Treaty of Georgievsk, concluded with Catherine II,  which made Georgia a protectorate of Russia, guaranteeing it territorial integrity.

1795 – Invasion of the country by Persian shah, Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, who burnt Tbilisi to the ground.

1801 – Kartli-Kakheti becomes part of the Russian Empire.

1810 – The Kingdom of Imereti is annexed by the Russian Empire as well.

1864 – Serfdom in Georgia has come to an end.

Late 19th century – The national and cultural revival of Georgia.

May 26, 1918 – Georgia proclaims independence, establishing the Democratic Republic of Georgia.

February 1921 – Invasion of the country by the Red Army, proclaiming Georgia as one of the Soviet republics.

August 1924 – National (patriotic) uprising against Soviet authority, which was suppressed by Stalin.

March 1956 – Demonstration against Nikita Khrushchev’s policy of de-Stalinization, which was suppressed by Soviet forces with hundreds of people being killed or injured.

1972 – Eduard Shevardnadze became the leader of Georgian Communist Party which resulted in the improvement of the Georgian economy.

April 9, 1991 – Georgia proclaimed independence from the Soviet Union.

May 26, 1991 – Zviad Gamsakhurdia was elected as the president of the country.

May 29, 1992 – South Ossetia declared independence from Georgia in an unrecognized referendum.

March 1992 – Shevardnadze became the head of the State Council which replaced Gamsakhurdia.

1992 – 1993 – War in Abkhazia between Georgian government forces and Abkhaz separatists forces.

November 1995 – Shevardnadze wins a presidential election in Georgia.

April 2000 – Shevardnadze re-elected as president for a second term.

November 2003 – Peaceful Rose Revolution, led by Mikheil Saakashvili, which led to the resignation of Shevardnadze, who was accused of electoral fraud and corruption.

January 2004 – Saakashvili wins an election for the position of the president.

September 2007 – Saakashvili accused of several misconducts including corruption, which later led to his resignation.

January 2008 – Saakashvili is re-elected for the position of the president.

August 2008 – South Ossetia war; military conflict between Russia and Georgia after Georgia’s conflicts with local separatists in South Ossetia.

2008 – 2010 – Diplomatic crisis between Georgia and Russia.

November 2013 – Giorgi Margvelashvili inaugurated as the president of Georgia.

June 2018 – Prime Minister Giorgi Kvirikashvili resigns being replaced with Mamuka Bakhtadze.

December 2018 – Salome Zourabichvili becomes the first female president of Georgia, supposedly being the last popularly elected president as a result of constitutional changes that will come into life in 2024.

June 20, 2019 – The beginning of anti-government protests in Georgia.

September 2019 – Mamuka Bakhtadze resigns due to the protests with Giorgi Gakharia being nominated to the post of Prime Minister.

Want to know a bit more about Georgia? Check out our Georgia country facts, guide to whether Georgia is part of Europe or Asia, or our full Georgia travel guide. If you have any questions or know a historical event from Georgia’s past we should have included, leave a comment below. Thanks for reading!

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