Here is a brief timeline of important events that have shaped the country of Egypt; the focus here will be geared towards recent events (from 100 years ago or so), located towards the bottom, but we’ll begin with more ancient events first.
Timeline of Egyptian History & Important Historical Events
7000 BCE – First settlement of Nile region.
3000 BCE – Upper and Lower Egyptian Kingdoms combine.
332 BCE – Alexander the Great conquers Egypt, founds Alexandria.
969 CE – Cairo becomes capital.
1869 – Suez Canal completed.
1882 – Egypt taken over by the British.
1954 – British completely leave Egypt.
1967 – Tensions with Israel cause Israel to strike and seize Sinai Peninsula.
1981 – Hosni Mubarak assumes leadership.
2011 – Mubarak steps down during “Arab Spring.”
2014 – New constitution, which bans political parties based on religion.