Interested in learning a few fun facts about Colombia?
Here’s our roundup of the most interesting Colombia facts:
1. Colombia is a country located in the very north of South America. It has some prime real estate, with borders along both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. As far as land boundaries, it connects with Panama, Ecuador, Venezuela, Peru, and Brazil. There are also the islands of the San Andrés department which lie off the coast of Nicaragua.
2. Colombia is a culturally and linguistically diverse country. While its official language is Spanish throughout the nation, English is also considered an official language in the islands of San Andrés, Providencia, and Santa Catalina. On top of that, due to the various indigenous peoples, there are a total of 68 recognized regional languages, though there are over 100 languages spoken in Colombia overall. It is the third-most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world.
3. Colombia is the third-most-populous country in Latin America. Colombia has a population of just over 50 million (2020 estimate). However, due to its large size – 440,831 mi2 (1,141,748 km2) – it is one of the countries with the lowest population densities in the world, ranked 173rd.
4. Colombia’s capital and largest city is Bogotá. Located right in the center of the country, its nearly 7.5 million inhabitants make up exactly 15% of the entire country’s population. In Colombia, Bogotá is known as Bogotá, D.C., short for Bogotá, Distrito Capital (capital district).
5. Colombia is home to nine UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Of these nine sites, six are cultural, two are natural, and one is mixed (both cultural and natural):
- Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia (cultural)
- Historic Centre of Santa Cruz de Mompox (cultural)
- National Archeological Park of Tierradentro (cultural)
- Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena (cultural)
- Qhapaq Ñan, Andean Road System (cultural)
- San Agustín Archaeological Park (cultural)
- Los Katíos National Park (natural)
- Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary (natural)
- Chiribiquete National Park – “The Maloca of the Jaguar” (cultural and natural)
6. For a traditional Colombian breakfast, it’s common to melt cheese into your hot chocolate. Known as chocolate completo or chocolate santafereño, you’ll sometimes be served slices or cubes of savory cheese on the side of a steaming mug of hot cocoa. Then, you place the cheese in, let it melt, and go back and forth between sipping the cocoa and scooping out some melted cheese with a spoon!
7. Colombia is one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world. As identified by Conservation International, a megadiverse country is one which holds a majority of the world’s plant and animal species. Actually Colombia comes as the second-most biologically diverse country in the world (after Ecuador).
8. The world’s tallest palm trees grow in Colombia, some as high as 200 ft (61 m)! You can find these incredibly long palms in Los Nevados National Natural Park located way up in the Andes Mountains in the Valle de Cocora.
Well, that’s all our Colombia facts for now, and we hope you’ve found this post interesting and informative! Do you have any questions, feedback, or other facts about Colombia we should include on our list? Let us know below in the comments, and thanks for reading!