Canada facts—you probably know some, right?

It’s one of the largest countries in the world, located in North America, and they love their ice hockey. But there’s so much more to Canada and the Canadian people than those trivial notes.

So—

Here are over 100 facts about Canada, whether you just want some simple Canada facts for kids or some fun Canadian tidbits for your next bar trivia night.

Oh, and in this era where you shouldn’t believe just anything you hear, these Canadian facts come with sources, as well.

Let’s jump in!

General Canada Facts for Everyone

Here are some of the basic facts about Canada (population facts, size statistics, etc.):

Canada covers 9.98 million km² (3.85 million mi²), making it the world’s second-largest country by area. This is larger than the entire European Union! [source]

Canada’s population recently surpassed 37 million. On April 1, 2018, Canada’s population was recorded as 37,067,011 (no April Fool’s Day joke!). [source]

According to Statistics Canada (same source as above), “It took two years and two months for the Canadian population to go from 36 million to more than 37 million. This was the shortest length of time ever observed for an increase of this magnitude.” [1]

Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories. Canada’s provinces are: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan. The three territories are Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut.

Canada’s currency is the Canadian dollar, which is divided into 100 cents.

Want to learn more about Canada? For an overview, introduction, articles, history, statistics, and much more, check out the Canada Travel Guide.

Interesting Facts about the Canadian Flag & National Symbols

flag of Canada
The flag of Canada has two vertical bars of red on the sides bookending a white bar with a red maple leaf in the center.

The hex color codes for the Canadian flag are #FF0000 (Red) and #FFFFFF (White). [source]

After WWI, King George V wanted to honor the Canadian sacrifice, so he assumed red and white as royal colors of Canada, which are still in use today. Red for the blood shed by Canadians, and white for the bandages. [2]

Canada has two national animals: the Canadian horse and the beaver. [source]

The maple leaf became the national badge back in 1860, when Canadians chose it to wear to welcome the visiting Prince of Wales. [2]

Want some more interesting trivia articles and lists of facts with sources? See our education category for other articles like this one

Trivia and Facts about Nature and the Geography of Canada

Take a breath of fresh air with these facts about Canadian natural resources, beauty, and geography.

Mount Logan is the highest peak in Canada at 5,959 m (19,551 ft), and it is the second tallest in North America after Denali. [source]

The highest tides in the world happen in New Brunswick’s Bay of Fundy, reaching up 15 m (50 ft), as high as a 5-story building. [source]

Canada is the country with the longest length of coastline, though sources differ on the actual measurements. The Canadian Encyclopedia says it is 71,261 km (44,280 mi) long or 243,797 km (151,488 mi) including all its islands. [source]

The oldest fossil ever discovered on Earth are microscopic bacteria from 4.2 billion years ago found in Quebec. [source]

Canada’s border with the US is the world’s longest land border between two countries. [1]

Out of the world’s top 10 largest islands, three are in Canada: Baffin Island (#%), Victoria Island (#8), and Ellesmere Island (#10). [source]

There may be as many as 2 million lakes in Canada, which is almost 14% of the world’s lakes having surface areas over 500 km². [source]

Hamilton, Ontario has been called “the waterfall capital of the world,” for having more than 130 falls and cascades. [source]

Canada has 347 million hectares of forest land, which is almost 10% of the total forest cover in the world. [source]

Little Limestone Lake in Manitoba is the world’s largest marl lake. Marl is a calcium carbonate-rich deposit, making the lake crystal clear. [source]

The world’s oldest pool of water is two billion years old and located in a mine in Timmins, Ontario. [source]

Personable Facts about the Canadian People

The first person to go down the Niagara Falls in a barrel was a 63-year-old widowed woman named Annie Edson Taylor, back in 1901. [2]

Canada is frequently on the list of the happiest countries in the world.

The name “Canada” probably comes from the Huron-Iroquois word for “village” – “kanata.”[source]

Flavorful Facts About Canadian Food

From the yummy to the disgusting, here are a few morsels on the cuisine of Canada:

In Dawson City, the “Sourtoe Cocktail” is a local tradition where a preserved human toe goes into the drinks of those who ask for it; you don’t have to swallow the toe, but you must at least touch it to your lips as you down the beverage. [source]

Poutine is considered to be a top contender for the national dish of Canada.

Butter tarts are one of the most quintessential Canadian foods. [source]

The Canadian province of Quebec alone is responsible for 70% of the world’s maple syrup output. [source]

Details About the Cities & Regions of Canada

Random (but exciting!) tidbits about city life and the other areas of Canada.

Wasaga Beach is a town situated along the longest freshwater beach in the world, at 14 km. [source]

Mount Thor, in Nunavut, has the world’s longest purely vertical drop at 1,250 m (4,101 ft) down. [source]

Quebec City’s Old Town (Vieux-Québec) is the only fortified city north of Mexico in North America whose walls still exist. [source]

The Gastown Steam Clock in Vancouver’s Victorian Gastown is one of the last functioning steam clocks in the world. [source]

Alert, located in the territory of Nunavut at the northeastern tip of Ellesmere Island, is the world’s northernmost permanently inhabited place. [source]

Toronto’s PATH is the world’s largest system of underground tunnels and interconnected metro stations and offices. [source]

Captivating Facts on Canadian History

Canada has had an illustrious past; here are some notable instances and over 10 facts about Canada history.

John Rut sent the first known letter in English sent from North America in 1527. [source]

One federal politician has been assassinated in Canada, D’Arcy McGee in 1868. [source]

Thought-Provoking Details About Transportation & Travel in Canada

Amusing facts about Canadian transportation, from roads and highways to rail and public transport.

The Northwest Territories adopted a polar bear-shaped license plate in 1970, still in use today. [source]

The Trans-Canada Highway is a highway system spanning 7,821 km (4,860 mi) across the country. It is considered to be the 4th longest highway in the world. [source]

Air Canada is the largest Canadian airline by both fleet size and amount of passengers transported. [source]

Canada uses travel adapter plugs A and B.

Canadian Language & Culture Facts

Some delightful facts on the language and culture of Canada.

Canadians are thought to be polite and apologize a lot. In 2009, The Apology Act came into effect in Ontario which makes apologies legally inadmissible in court. [source]

The Winter Garden Theatre in Toronto is the world’s last operating double-decker theater. [source]

Jacques Cartier, the French explorer, found glittering stones, and, thinking they were diamonds, brought them back to France. However, French experts concluded that these “diamonds” were actually quartz, and thus gave us the saying faux comme un diamant du Canada (as fake as a Canadian diamond). [source]

The maple tree did not officially become the national tree of Canada until 1996, even though the maple leaf has been associated with Canada long before. [source]

Parliament declared ice hockey as the national winter sport and lacrosse as the national summer sport in 1994. [1]

Facts About Canadian Law & Government

Here are several oddities and trivia about Canadian government and the law in Canada.

Canada has an official toll-free number: 1(800) O-CANADA. [source]

Canada has two official languages: French and English. Most French speakers live in the province of Quebec. [source]

Canadian Technology & Invention Facts

Take a look at some Canadian facts on technology and inventions.

Wilbur Rounding Franks was the inventor of the anti-gravity (G-suit).[source]

James Naismith, born in Ontario, invented basketball in 1891.[source]

Sir Frederick Grant Banting is one of the discoverers of insulin, and he turned down money from patenting it to give it to everyone in need.[source]

Ice hockey was developed in Canada with major influence from the indigenous Canadians.[source]

Donald Hings was the inventor of the walkie-talkie.[source]

Canada built the first “official UFO landing welcome site,” located in St. Paul, Alberta. [source]

CN Tower in Toronto has the tallest metal staircase in the world, with 2,579 steps going to the top. [source]

Toronto CN Tower Aerial View Canada
The CN Tower is a 553.3 m (1815 ft) observation and communications tower standing in Toronto, Ontario. It is the tallest free-standing structure in the Western Hemisphere, and the “CN” stands for the now-defunct Canadian National railway company. Taken by T. Gouw via unsplash.com. [Public Domain].

Facts About Things Originating in Canada

Facts about people, products, and other items of Canadian origin.

Quebec produces around 75% of the world’s maple syrup.[2]

Sir Sandford Fleming came to Canada at 18 from Scotland, and he went on to design Canada’s first postage stamp and propose the use of time zones. [source]

A. A. Milne named Winnie-the-Pooh after a teddy bear owned by his son, who had named his bear after Winnie, a Canadian black bear from Winnipeg he often saw at London Zoo. [source]

Famous Quotes from Famous Canadians

“To be black and female in a society which is both racist and sexist is to be in the unique position of having nowhere to go but up.” – Rosemary Brown

Liked these quotes? We’ve got some great travel quotes for inspiration right this way.

Canada Facts Citations

Canada Facts – Citations & Sources

[1] Please note: Some sources were used more than once, so any subsequent sources aren’t linked. Also, some sources might be unlinked because they are written texts (e.g., a state constitution).
[2] Lennox, D. Now You Know Canada: 150 Years of Fascinating Facts.


So! What did you think of these fun facts about Canada? Got any more to add to this list? Leave us a comment below, and, if it checks out, we’ll gladly add it to the list! And, if you’re interested in more facts like these, check out these guides: Australia facts, France facts, Ukraine facts, Georgia facts, Latvia facts, Brazil facts, and Estonia facts.

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