Ready to learn a few interesting facts about Cameroon?
Whether you’re thinking of visiting Cameroon in the near future or just want to understand more about this Central African country, this article is for you.
Here’s our roundup of the most interesting Cameroon facts:
1. Cameroon is located in Central Africa, though it is closely tied to West Africa. Bordering Nigeria, the Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, the Republic of the Congo, Gabon, and Chad, Cameroon has coastline along the Gulf of Guinea, and thus the Atlantic Ocean, mostly by way of the Bight of Biafra (aka the Bight of Bonny). Located just a few hundred miles away inside the Gulf of Guinea is the island country of São Tomé and Príncipe.
2. Yaoundé is the capital of Cameroon and its second-largest city by population. Located inland near the center of Cameroon, Yaoundé is situated between the Sanaga River to its north and the Nyong River to its south. Though it’s located quite near to the equator, Yaoundé’s elevation of 2,382 ft (726 m) leaves the temperatures a bit cooler than many other cities at the same latitude. Yaoundé has over 2.8 million people as of 2020.
3. Cameroon’s most populous city is Douala, with an estimated 3 million inhabitants (2020). It is the economic capital of Cameroon, and an important city for all of Central Africa. Located at the outlet of where the Wouri River empties into the Bight of Biafra, Douala has both Central Africa’s largest shipping port as well as its largest airport.
4. Cameroonians officially speak both French and English. French is by far the dominant language, with more than 80% of its population understanding it. There are also several key regional languages spoken, such as Fula and Ewondo, as well as around 250 other languages indigenous to various Cameroonians, making it one of the world’s most diverse countries, linguistically. And, there’s even a language spoken in the cities that has been gaining popularity, called Camfranglais, a mashup of Cameroonian Pidgin, French, and English!
5. Unfortunately, Cameroon is considered to be one of the most corrupt countries in the world. According to Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index (2019), Cameroon ranked a very-low 153 out of 180 countries surveyed.
6. Located in the northwest is Ambazonia, a self-declared state. While the majority of Cameroon is French-speaking, Ambazonia is English-speaking, as it was once the British territory known as the Southern Cameroons. Due to a controversy with the French-speaking majority of Cameroon, it maintains that it is independent and sovereign from the country of Cameroon.
Well, that’s all our Cameroon facts for now, and we hope you’ve found this post interesting and informative! Do you have any questions, feedback, or other facts about Cameroon we should include on our list? Let us know below in the comments, and thanks for reading!