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5+ Burundi Facts: Interesting Trivia On Culture, History, Food & More


Looking for Burundi facts? If you want to learn about the food, culture, people, history, or other facts about Burundi, this article is for you!

Interested in learning some fun facts about Burundi?

Whether you’re traveling to Burundi in the near future or just curious to know more about this small country in central Africa, this article is for you.

Bujumbura and Lake Tanganyika Burundi facts
The capital city, Bujumbura, and Lake Tanganyika, Burundi. Taken by Wikimedia Commons user Andreas31. [CC BY-SA 3.0].

Here’s our roundup of the most interesting Burundi facts:

1. Burundi is a landlocked country in the center of Africa just below the equator. It’s considered as it doesn’t border any seas or oceans, but picturesque Lake Tanganyika does make up its southwestern border. It also borders the countries of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Tanzania.

2. Burundi has two capital cities: Gitega and Bujumbura. Until 2018, Bujumbura was the only capital city (and it is still the largest city in Burundi). However, Gitega was once the capital of the former Kingdom of Burundi until it ceased to exist in 1966. So, at the end of 2018, President Nkurunziza transferred the status of political capital of Burundi to Gitega. Bujumbura remains the economic capital of Burundi.

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3. Burundi currently has no UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It does, however, have 10 sites on the tentative list, pending consideration and approval:

  • La résidence royale du Burundi : Le cas de Gishora
  • Le rugo traditionnel du Mugamba
  • Les paysages naturels sacrés de Muramvya, de Mpotsa et de Nkiko-Mugamba
  • Gasumo, la source la plus méridionale du Nil
  • Rwihinda, lac aux oiseaux
  • Le lac Tanganyika
  • La réserve naturelle de la Rusizi
  • Le parc national de la Kibira
  • Le parc national de la Ruvubu
  • Les chutes de la Karera et la faille de Nyakazu

4. Burundi became the first country ever to leave the International Criminal Court (ICC). On October 27, 2017, Burundi left the only permanent war crimes tribunal in the world.

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5. There are 3 official languages in Burundi: French, English, and Kirundi. Kirundi, a Bantu language spoken also in nearby Tanzania, Uganda, and DR Congo, is the only one that is considered the national language of Burundi.

6. Burundi came in as the least happiest country in the world. In the 2018 World Happiness Report, Burundi was in dead last place, most likely due to “bouts of ethnic cleansing, civil wars, and coup attempts,” among other concerns. On the opposite end of the spectrum was Finland, the happiest country in the world.

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7. Burundi has the lowest urban population percentage in the world, with 13%. According to the CIA World Factbook (2018), Burundi just beats out Papua New Guinea as the most rural country in the world, meaning most of its citizens live far from urban centers.

Well, that’s all our Burundi facts for now, and we hope you’ve found this post interesting and informative! Do you have any questions, feedback, or other facts about Burundi we should include on our list? Let us know below in the comments, and thanks for reading!

Christian Eilers
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Christian Eilers
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