Here is a brief timeline of important events that have shaped the country of Belgium and its people; the focus here will be geared towards recent events (from 100 years ago or so), located towards the bottom, but we’ll begin with more ancient events first.
1425 – University of Leuven Founded, Pope Martin V founds University by issuing papal bull.
1830 – Declares Independence from the Netherlands
1958 – Benelux Economic Union Formed, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
1960 – Grants Independence to Democratic Republic of the Congo
1962 – Grants Independence to Ruanda-Urundi, Ruanda-Urundi becomes the two nations Rwanda and Burundi.
1992 – Ratified Maastricht Treaty on EU
2002 – Belgium Begins Using Euro, Franc replaced by euro currency.
2007 – Governmental Woes, Part I, Belgium goes without government for 100 days.
2011 – Governmental Woes, Part II, And again: 541 days without a government.