Ready to learn a few fun facts about Bangladesh?
Whether you’re traveling to Bangladesh in the near future or just curious to know more about this South Asian country, this article is for you.
Here’s our roundup of the most interesting Bangladesh facts:
1. Bangladesh is a small, super-dense country. Located in South Asia in a nook surrounded by the Bay of Bengal, India, and Myanmar, Bangladesh is relatively small as far as land area, ranking in the middle of the pack at 56,980 mi2 (147,570 km2). However, it is the 8th most populous country in the world, with over 161 million people, making it one of the world’s densest countries.
2. Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, is one of the fastest-growing cities in the world. With its population growing by more than 40% decade-over-decade for almost a century, Dhaka and its surrounding area is already the 6th most populous metropolitan area in the world. For Dhaka’s agglomeration (extended city area), in 1950 there were just 335K people in Dhaka. In 1960, there were 508K (+51.3%), in 1970 1.37 million (+170.5%), in 1980, 3.26 million (+137.7%), in 1990 6.6 million (+102.7%), in 2000 10.2 million (+55.3%), in 2010 14.7 million (+43.2%), and in 2020 21 million (+42.6%)!
3. Bangladesh is home to 3 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Of these, 2 are cultural, and 1 is natural:
- Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat (cultural)
- Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur (cultural)
- The Sundarbans (natural)
4. The Ganges Delta is the world’s largest river delta. Located in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, the Ganges Delta is also known as the Sundarbans Delta or the Bengal Delta. Most (60%) of it is in Bangladesh, with the remaining portion in India. Many rivers go through the Ganges Delta on their way to emptying out into the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean, including the Brahmaputra River, the Ganges River, and the Gorai-Madhumati River.
5. It is one of the largest Muslim-majority countries in the world. With more than 90% of its population following Islam, as well as its constitution declaring it the “religion of the Republic,” Bangladesh has the fourth-largest Muslim population in the world, and is the world’s 3rd largest Muslim country after Indonesia and Pakistan.
6. “Bangladeshi” is the demonym, and “Bengali” refers to the ethnic group and language. A Bangladeshi is someone from Bangladesh (that’s what a demonym is). “Bengali” is an ethnic group, one which makes up 98% of the Bangladeshi people. The official language of Bangladesh is also Bengali.
7. Cox’s Bazar is a Bangladeshi city with the largest refugee camp in the world. Located not too far from Chittagong, the second largest city of Bangladesh, Cox’s Bazar recently became home to hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees from Myanmar, making it the world’s largest refugee camp.
Well, that’s all our Bangladesh facts for now, and we hope you’ve found this post interesting, insightful, and informative! Do you have any questions, feedback, or other facts about Bangladesh we should include on our list? Let us know below in the comments, and thanks for reading!